Top 10 wheat producing states of USA in 2015 | Wheat production in USA
Wheat production in USA
Wheat is the second most important food crop produced in the United States of America after corn. In the year 2015-16, total wheat production in the USA was 56.1 million metric tonnes. It has a share of 8.3% in world wheat production. That makes the USA third largest producer of wheat after China and India. Wheat production in USA is being done in every state. The contribution of ‘ Top 10 wheat-producing states of USA ‘ states is more than 75% in national production.
There was a time when the United States of America was world’s leading wheat producer. As the countries like India, China, Pakistan & Bangladesh became self-reliant in food grains they stopped importing wheat from the USA. That forced the USA to change its cropping pattern. Some of the wheat-producing states switched to corn and Soybean production. The USA exports more than 50% of its wheat production to food deficit. Japan, South Korea, Nigeria, Iraq & Mexico are the main wheat importing countries.
The climatic conditions of the USA allow it to grows wheat in both seasons ie, Winter and Springs. The share of winter wheat is 75-80% in total production and Winter wheat has high average yield. North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana are the primary states who produce spring wheat. The US produces hard red, soft red, and white winter wheat and hard red and durum spring-seeded varieties.
Top 10 wheat producing states of USA in 2015
One should know that the USA has 50 states and all of them produce wheat in some amount. These Top 10 wheat producing states of USA has a share of more than 75% in national production. Wheat production in USA is done on an industrial scale and it is very technology intensive. One of the main features of wheat production in USA is that its is totally rainfed except a few exceptions. This is one of the reasons that USA has relatively average wheat yield.
The major wheat-producing belt of United States lies in the great plains. It’s a narrow north to south long strip in the central United States. Major wheat-producing states such as North Dakota, Kansas, Montana, Texas, South Dakota, Colorado, Minnesota, and Oklahoma fall in this belt. Rest of the states such as Washington & Idaho are in the western part of the country. Eastern states also produce wheat in a small amount.
|S.No||State||Production (million metric tonnes)||% of National Production|