Top 10 Wheat producing states of India in 2016
In India, wheat is a major food crop and it is the largest sown crop in the country. India is the second largest producer of wheat in the world after China. The fertile plains of Yamuna and Ganga are world famous for wheat production. Listing Top 10 Wheat producing states of India in 2016 was not a tough task as wheat is mainly grown in northern states of the country.
Wheat Production in India
The total Wheat Production in India in the year 2014-15 was 95 MMT. This was the India’s highest ever wheat production. Due to the Poor Monsoon and unseasonal rains the wheat production in India reduced to 88.4MMT. Wheat is a Rabi crop in India but in some parts of the country, but in small quantity it is grown in the months of June to September also. Those regions are: Snow covered regions of Jammu & Kashmir, Entire Ladakh region, Lahaul and Spiti districts of Himachal Pradesh and snow covered regions of Uttrakhand. North India states such as Utter Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh & Bihar produces the more than 90% of the wheat Production in India.
Top 10 Wheat producing states of India in 2016
Here is the list of the top 10 wheat producing states of India in 2016. The list includes the major wheat producing districts and its total contribution to the national production.
1.0 Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the highest Wheat producing state in India. It accounts for almost one-third of the country’s wheat production. As per the latest data, the wheat production in Utter Pradesh was 30.6 MMT, Which is around 31.6% of country’s production. Though wheat is produced in entire state but the Wester part of the state which is irrigated by mighty Ganga and the Yamuna rivers is the main wheat producing region. The western part includes the districts of Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Bulandshehar, Rampur, Bijnor, Dhampur, Aligarh, Mathura, Moradabad. Districts in Central and Eastern Utter Pradesh such as
Districts in Central and Eastern Utter Pradesh such as Kanpur, Agra, Gorakhpur, Etowah, Badaun and Deoria are other major wheat producing districts.
Punjab holds the second place in the list of Top 10 Wheat producing states of India. As per the latest data Punjab produced 16.5 MMT (million Metric Ton) of wheat which is around 17.4% of the country’s production. The main feature of the wheat production in Punjab is its high Yield.
The State has a state wide network of mandis & warehouses to procure and store wheat from the farmers. Though wheat is produced in the entire Punjab still Amritsar, Ludhiana, Faridkot, Sangrur and Patiala are some of the major wheat-producing districts in Punjab. These five districts produce more than 60% of the wheat in Punjab.
3.0 Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh accounts for 14.7% of the country’s wheat production with a production of 14MMT in 2016. Though Madhya Pradesh has the lowest yield among the top wheat-producing states. Because of the vast area under wheat cultivation, it produces more wheat than Haryana and other states.
Sagar, Vidisha, Tikamgarh, Morena, Sehore, Gwalior, Guna, Satna, Bhind and Chhatarpur are important wheat-producing districts.
Haryana is the fourth largest producer of wheat in India. In 2015 wheat production in Haryana was 10.8 MMT which is around 11.2% of national production. In terms of Yield Haryana is next to Punjab only.
Karnal, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Kaithal, Panipat, Sonipat, Rohtak, Jind, Hisar, Sirsa and Gurgaon are important wheat-producing districts in Haryana.
Surprisingly this desert state is among the top 10 wheat-producing states of India. The credit for that must go to the improved irrigation facilities in the state. Northern districts such as Sriganganagar & Hanumangarh which are irrigated by the famous Indra Gandhi Canal are two important wheat-producing districts.
In 2016 the total wheat production in Rajasthan was around 9.5 MMT which accounts for 10% of the national production. Other districts which produce a significant amount of wheat are; Kota, Bikaner, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur, Karauli, Bharatpur, Alwar, Dausa & Tonk.
Bihar accounts for 5.0 % of wheat production which was 4.8 MMT in 2015-16. Bihar also suffers from the extremely low Yield.
Most of the wheat is produced in the North Bihar Plain. Rohtas, Bhojpur, Saran, Nalanda, Paschim and Purba Champaran, Siwan and Begusarai are the main districts.
Gujarat is the 7th largest wheat-producing state in the country with a production of 4.2 MMT in 2014 which is around 4.4% of national production. This state has witnessed a significant rise in wheat production in since last few years.
In Gujarat, wheat is mainly produced in Mahi and Sabarmati valleys. Mahesana, Junagadh, Bhavnagar, Amreli, Bharuch, Rajkot and Kheda are important wheat-producing districts.
In Maharashtra, wheat is produced in the valleys of the Wardha, Tapi, Godavari, Bhima, Puma and Krishna. in 2014-15 the total what production in Maharastra was 2.3MMT.
In Uttrakhand wheat is grown in stepped farms in hilly regions as well as the Tarai region. It has a contribution of 1.51% towards national production from 1.07 % of the wheat-growing area of the country. Uttrakhand has relatively low yield. This is due to the fact that wheat in hills is mainly rainfed as compared to irrigated crop in the Tarai.
10.0 West Bengal
West Bengal produces around 1% what of India. Most of the production comes from Birbhum, Burdwan, Murshidabad, Malda and Nadia districts.
List of Top 10 wheat producing states of India in 2016
|S.No||State||Production(MMT)||% of Nation Production|
Note: While compiling the list ‘Top 10 Wheat producing states of India in 2016’ I have extracted data from various government websites and personal blogs. So there are chances that the data might have minor errors.