Top 10 temples in India
All across the globe, people respect the Indian heritage and hold it in high esteem. A major part of India’s rich heritage is its ancient & medieval temples that are known for their style, architectures, and exquisite carvings. Temples of India have evolved from caves and rocks cut structures. These historic temples of India are not only places of worship but also a symbol of India’s rich culture, art & architecture. These temples attract lakhs of tourists from across the world. Let us have a look at Top 10 temples in India.
Top 10 temples in India
1. Konark Sun Temple, Orissa
The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This temple is also termed as Konaditya. It is located on Puri’s North Eastern corner. As its name suggests, this temple worships the Sun God or the Surya. It has a giant chariot shape and is known for its beautiful stone carvings & grandeur. The top layer of the temple has many Erotic Sculptures. As per the legend, power is brought in from 2 powerful magnets that are said to be built-in this tower. Black granite has been used for building this temple and so it is also termed as Black Pagoda. It is considered to be one of the richest heritage sites of the world.
2. Khajuraho temples, Madhya Pradesh
Khajuraho group of temples are also known as Kamasutra temples.The temples are famous for their Nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures. This is a group of 20 temples which are dedicated to Vishnu, Lord Shiva and other Jain deities. Initially, there were around 75 temples but out of those, only 22 are left now. As per the location, these temples are categorized into 3 sections, Southern, Eastern, and Western. The largest among the 3 is the western complex that houses the largest temple, Kandariya Mahadeva temple. The Eastern complex has the Parshvanatha Temple, Vamana and Javari temples and the Brahma temple. The Southern complex houses Chaturbhuja temple and the Duladeo temple. It has been declared a world heritage site by UNESCO.
3. Somnath Temple, Gujarat:
The Somnath temple situated in Gujarat is the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. Known as “The Shrine Eternal”, the legendary temple is one of the oldest pilgrimage centers in India. According to legend, Soma, the ‘Moon God’ got the temple built in the honor of Lord Shiva as it was Shiva who cured the illness, which was inflicted on him due to his father in law’s curse. The temple was destroyed and rebuilt several times and most recently it was rebuilt in November 1947. An interesting thing about the place is that it is built on the shore of Arabian Sea and in between the temple and the South Pole, in a straight line and there is no land area. The place is also surrounded by Somnath Museum, Junagadh gate, and a beach.
4. Lingaraja Temple, Bhubaneswar
It is believed to be the largest and oldest temple in Orissa. The temple represents the quintessence of the Kalinga Architecture. The temple is around 1000 years old. This is an 180 ft high temple and dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is a pure reflection of Hindu temple architecture. There are around 100 shrines in the courtyard of the temple. Structurally this temple dates back to the 8th century; however, the Bhog mandir and the Nata mandir are of later origin.
5. Meenakshi temple
Meenakshi Temple is a very famous Hindu temple which is dedicated to the Goddess Parvati (Meenakshi) as well as her consort Sundareshwar (Lord Shiva). Located on the southern bank of Vaigai River in the city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, the temple forms the heart and lifeline of the 2,500-year-old city of Madurai. Built in Dravidian style, the structure of the temple is a built of 14 Gopurams (monumental tower) including two golden Gopurams for the main deities that are elaborately sculptured and painted and bejeweled with figures of Gods, demons, and animals.
6. Brihadeshwara temple
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Brihadeshwara temple, also called as the big temple, is located in the city of Thanjavur in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu. The temple is an outstanding example of Chola architecture which was built by emperor Raja Chola I in 1010 AD. The structure of the temple is purely built in granite and flaunts exquisite carvings which are supreme examples of artistic creativity. Recognizing its unique architectural excellence, UNESCO has declared it as a World Heritage Monument.
7. Kashi Vishwanath temple
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered to be a very famous and ancient Hindu temple. Its location is in Varanasi, UP. This temple lies on the Western Banks of Ganga, the holy river and is considered to be the holiest temples of Lord Shiva. The main deity is Vishweshwara or Vishwanatha. The temple has found references in Hindu scriptures and has been very famous since then.
8. Lord Jagannath temple, Orissa
The temple of Lord Jagannath was built by Raja Ananta Varman in the 12th century. The temple is located on the northern coast of Orissa. The temple is devoted to Lord Jagannath and is very popular for the ancient annual Rath Yatra of Lord. There are 120 temples housed inside the temple.
9. Venkateshwara Balaji Temple, Andhra Pradesh
This temple is considered as the second richest pilgrimage in India. Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Tirupati Balaji is the temple that is visited by large numbers of deities globally with an approximate figure of 40 million.
10. Akshardham Temple, New Delhi
The other name of this temple is Swaminarayan Temple. This temple is popular for its beautiful architecture and the land area that it covers. It is a combination of Indian tradition, culture, architecture and spirituality.