Milk production in India | Top 10 milk producing states of India
Milk production in India
I have written in another post that India is world’s largest milk producing country. India produced 146.3 million tonnes of milk during the Financial Year 2014-15. In this post, I am going to write about the Top 10 milk producing states of India. Most of the milk production in India comes from the rural households. In rural India, agriculture and animal husbandry are complementary to each other. These are part of mix farming ecosystem in which all the ingredients are interrelated to each other.
The main milk producing states of India are Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana. The Top 10 milk producing states of India together have a share of more than 80% in the total milk production. In India, buffalos are the primary source of milk. Other sources of milk are the cow, goats, sheep and a small amount from camel and yak.
Top 10 milk producing states of India
This bar diagram is showing the top 10 milk producing states of India in decreasing order.
1.0 Uttar Pradesh
This is the most populous and largest milk producing state of India. In the year 2014-15, it produced 25.2 million tonnes of milk which is 17.22% of the entire country. This state has second largest cattle population and largest buffalo population in the country. The main source of milk in the state are buffalos.There is a wide network of milk procurement cooperatives in the state. The major milk producing districts are western part of the state such as Meerut, Muzzafar Nagar, Bijnore, Agra, Mathura, and Aligarh.
When it comes to milk production Rajasthan surprises everybody. This desert state has highest population ofcattles in the country. It stands second in the list of top 10 milk producing states of India. in 20154-15 Rajasthan produced 16.93 million tonnes of milk which is 11.57% of total milk production in India. Cows and buffaloes are the primary sources of milk in the state still a significant amount of milk come from goats and sheep also. Probably Rajasthan is the only state in India which produces camel milk.
Gujarat is considered as the epicenter of the white revolution in India. Gujarat is the third largest milk producing state in India. It produced 11.69 million tonnes of milk which is 7.99% of national milk production. Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Mehsana, Junagarh, Panchmahal, Rajkot, Anand and Kheda are the main milk producing districts. Gujarat is considered a model state for milk and milk products in the country. Famous milk brand Amul is based in Gujarat.
4.0 Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is the 4th largest milk producing state in the country. In the recent years, it has shown rapid growth rate in milk production and pushed down Punjab and Andhra Pradesh in the ranking. As per the latest data Milk production in MP was 10.78 million tonnes accounting for 7.37% of country. The major milk producing district are, Vidisha, Bhind, Morena, Sheopore, Neemuch, Ratlam & Ujjain.
This state has highest per head milk production in India. Until recent years it was third largest milk producing states in the country but states like Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh has quickly increased the production on the other hand milk production in Punjab has almost stagnant. In 2014-15 the total milk production in Punjab was 10.35 million tonnes accounting for just over 7% of national production.
6.0 Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh contributes 6.6% to the milk production in India with 9.66 million tonnes. Andhra Pradesh has almost 10% of the livestock of the country but due to low milk productivity, it contributes 6.6% in milk production.
As per the data of the financial year 2014-15 the total milk production in Maharastra was 9.54 million tonnes accounting for 6.52% of national production. In Maharastra milk production is mostly concentrated in Pune, Nashik, and Aurangabad divisions.
This small state contributes 5.4% in country’s milk production. Haryana has very high per head milk availability which is second only to Punjab. People of Haryana are one of the biggest consumers of milk and its products.
Bihar Contributed 5.31% in national milk production with a total 7.77million tonnes of milk in 2014-15. Going by its population size this shows lesser per capita milk production in Bihar.
10.0 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu’s share in national milk production is 4.87% with a production of 7.13 million tonnes.
The milk production in India is summarized in the following table.
Table: Top 10 milk producing states of India
|S.No.||State||Milk production(million tonnes)||% of Country|