Top 10 Groundnut Producing countries
Peanut, also known as groundnut and goober (Arachis hypogaea) is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. Groundnut seeds are a good source of Protein, Edible oil, Vitamine and animal fodder. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics regions of the world. As per the 2014 data of food and agricultural organisation (www.fao.org), the word wide production of peanuts was 42.31 million tonnes. Out of this 42.31 million tonnes the Top 10 Groundnut Producing countries accounts for more than 81%. Not only that China, India, Nigeria, the United States and Sudan combined produces more than 71 of the peanuts. This shows that groundnut/peanuts production is concentrated in a few countries only.
Here is the list of Top 10 Groundnut Producing countries in the world with their latest production figures and important producing regions.
Top 10 Groundnut Producing countries
China is the world’s largest groundnut producing country with a share of 37.3%. Total groundnut production in China was 15.78 million tonnes. China has very high Peanuts yield. It has less cultivated land than India still manages to grow more than twice what India produces. Though almost all the states of China produces peanuts still The five provinces where 70% of the crop is grown are Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Guangdong, and Jiangsu provinces.
In the year 2014. India produced 6.56 million tonnes of groundnuts accounting for 15.5% of world production. India is the largest exporter of groundnut in the world with a share of 31%. The major importing countries from India are European countries, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand & Philippines. The major groundnut producing states of India are Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Karnataka (Read : Top 10 Groundnut producing states of India) .
Nigeria is world’s third largest groundnut producing country with 3.4 million tonnes production in 2014. Some of the states where groundnut is produced in Nigeria include Kano, Kwara, Kaduna, Sokoto, Bauchi, Katsina, Zamfara, Nassarawa and most of the northern states. In Nigeria, Groundnut pyramid structures are made from groundnut sacks. The pyramids were built in northern Nigeria in cities such as Kano, where groundnut production was a key part of the economy. They were viewed as both a tourist attraction and a symbol of wealth.
4.o The United States
The United States produced 2.36 million tonnes of Peanuts accounting for 5.58% of global production. The United States has very high average Yield which is more than twice the world average. In the United States, Georgia is the leading peanut-producing state, followed by Texas and Alabama, respectively. About half of all peanuts produced in the US are grown within a 100 mi (160 km) radius of Dothan, Alabama. The United states is a leading peanut exporter. It accounts for 21% of world exports which is second to India only. Most of its export is done to European countries.
Sudan is worlds 5th and Africas 2nd largest groundnut producing country. Total groundnut production in Sudan was 1.77 million tonnes. Sudan has a very well developed peanut oil industry. Instead of peanut Sudan exports its oil which is more beneficial to its economy. Sudan has one of the lowest yield in the world owing to various political and climatic reasons. Low production, however, cannot be attributed merely to the precarious security situation in Darfur. Another serious problem affecting production is aflatoxin contamination.
Other Peanut Producing Countries
Above five countries produce more than 71% of the peanuts in the world. Rest 5 countries have a share of approximately 10% in world production. The countries are, Argentina(2.75%), Indonesia(2.6%), Myanmar(2.05), Senegal(1.58%), and Tanzania(1.55%). Out of them, Argentina is a major exporter of Peanuts in the world. On the other hand, Indonesia is one of the largest importers of groundnuts.
The table below is summarising the Top 10 Groundnut Producing countries with the total production and their share in production.
|S.No||Country||Production in million tonnes||Share in world production|
|4||The United States||2.36||5.58|