Maize production in India
Maize is an inferior grain which is used both as food and fodder. Its grain provides food and used for obtaining starch and glucose. Its stalk is fed to cattle. Maize is grown throughout the year in India. It is predominantly a kharif crop with 85 per cent of the area under cultivation in the season. Maize is the third most important cereal crop in India after rice and wheat. Maize production in India accounts for around 9% of total food grain production in the country.
Maize can be grown under varied climatic and soil conditions. Maize is mainly a rainfed kharif crop which is sown just before onset of monsoon and is harvested after retreat of the monsoon. In Tamil Nadu it is a rabi crop and is sown just before the onset of winter monsoons in September.
Maize production in India is dominated by Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka which contributes to ~38 per cent of the total production. In fact Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Bihar & Tamil Nadu these five states accounts for almost two third of the corn production in the country. The table below will summarize the picture of maize production in India including major producing regions.
Maize production in India: 2013-14
|Sr No.||State||Producing Areas||Share (%)|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Karaimnagar, Ranga Reddy, Nizambad, Nalgonda, Medak, Mehbubnagar & Warangal.||20.40|
|2||Karnataka||Davanagere, Bangalore Rural, Hugli and Bellary district.||16.34|
|3||Maharashtra||Ahmednagar, Satara, Kohlapur, Solapur, Dhule, Sangli & Pune.||12.64|
|4||Bihar||Samastipur, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Purnea, Purbi Champaran and Siwan districts.||8.29|
|5||Tamil Nadu||Perambalur, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Salem, Erode and Virudhunagar districts.||6.73|
|6||Madhya Pradesh||Mandla, Ujjain, Indore, Ratlam and Jhabua districts.||6.20|
|7||Rajasthan||Udaipur, Bhilwara, Dungarpur, Chittaurgarh, and Banswara districts.||6.16|
|8||Uttar Pradesh||Bulandshar, Jaunpur, Ghaziabad, Bahraich, Farrukhabad, and Gonda Districts.||5.09|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Kangra, Mandi, Sirmaur and Chamba districts.||3.33|
|10||Gujarat||Mehsana, Banaskhanta, Rajkot, and Kheda districts.||2.83|
Source: Ministry of Agriculture