Facts to know about Indian Anti-radiation missile
An anti-radiation missile (ARM) is a missile designed to detect and home in on an enemy radio emission source. Typically, these are designed for use against an enemy radar, although jammers and even radios used for communications can also be targeted in this manner. India started to work on the anti-radiation missile in January 2013. DRDO will start trials of this Indian Anti-radiation missile in May 2016. This project was started in January 2013.
The primary objectives of Anti-radiation missiles are Suppression of Enemy Air Defences (SEAD). In modern warfare, Radars play a very important role so the enemy tries to destroy the radars & AWACS first. Even if the Radars are switched off for few minutes that gives a tactical advantage in electronics warfare. Modern weapon systems such as Missile Defence System, Surface-to-air missiles are dependent on Radars inputs to intercept incoming threats. As most of the anti-radiation missiles are passive systems so they don’t have their own radiation signature so becomes difficult to be detected.
These are the top facts about Indian Anti-radiation missile.
- After the development of this missile, India will enter the elite club of countries who has such missiles. Presently a few countries like USA, Russia, Israel, Germany, China & Brazil have such missiles.
- This missile is being developed by Defence Research & Development Lab (DRDL) based in Hyderabad.
- It will be an Air-to-Surface missile (ASM) with a range of 100 to 125 km.
- This missile will be mounted on advanced air superiority fighter Su-30MKI and indigenously developed LCA Tejas.
- This missile is completely indigenous including its radiation seeker.
- The shape and other features of the anti-radiation missile will be similar to Astra missile but its size may be larger than Astra.
- Instead of thrust propulsion, Indian Anti-radiation missile uses dual pulse propulsion system as in the case of LR-SAM. The dual pulse propulsion will widen the envelope as well as the engagement capability of the missile.
- After the possession of this missile, Indian airforce will match with Pakistani counterpart which already has a substandard anti-radiation missile. Pakistan has the Brazil-made MAR-1 anti-radiation missiles integrated into its JF-17 Thunder and Mirage III/V strike aircraft.