Erotic art and architecture in India
From the land, where Kamasutra was originated, erotic art in ancient times was respected not criticized like today. Some of the Erotic art and architecture in India is world famous. It wasn’t offending as people think. It said about bringing new life to the world and fertility. Actually, erotic art means art piece of art which may lead to arousal or desire of pleasure. India, as known to many, is the land of monuments. And these monuments (some) have sculptures inscribed which can be classified as erotic architecture.
First focusing on “Erotic Architecture”, numerous megaliths can be seen with the association to sculptures showing the art of love-making. Indians have a God of sex – Kama Dev. These sculptures when seen by tourist leave them puzzled.
Erotic art and architecture in India
Khajuraho temple is engraved with erotic sculptures from the inside to out. Ample figured nymphs (apsaras) and their activities are detailed. It is also believed that erotic art is linked to tantric purposes. Along with nymphs, there are griffins, guardian deities and, of course, the notorious Mithun’s or love-making couples. These sculptures don’t just show daily life pictures also various sex positions, and other various to pleasure one. Following the goal – Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha, sexual pleasure is like any other worldly pleasure.
As mentioned by Stella Kramrisch
Not just celestial bodies, those sculptures show about a normal man and woman’s lifestyle.
Similar to Khajuraho temple, Sun temple at Konark has engravings of Mithun’s. The sculptures there talk about controlling the lust and desire to pleasure. In order to attain Moksha, one must give up all the pleasures in order to unite with the almighty. The Black pagoda is a sex symbol which is similar to the ultimate union.
Not just Hindu temples, Jain temples also have sex symbolizing sculptures. In Osian, Rajasthan, sex imageries can be seen. Along with humans, there are sculptures showing entwined snakes or nagas.
There is Vira paksha temple, sun temple of Gujarat, Markandeshwar temple, Kailash etc. showing erotic imagery and hopefully arousing the tourists along with confusing them.
Now coming on to “erotic arts”, these include erotic and arousing painting.
Erotic miniatures were started by the Mughal and Rajputs. Most of such lusty miniatures are found in Malwa by the dynasties which ruled along with other Northern and central Indian reasons. It was believed these miniatures were meant to promote tantric sex and tantrism. Such miniatures were painted and decorated in courtrooms and hallways to provoke people. Also, these were tagged along with manuscripts, woven in carpets and stitched into tapestries. It’s very difficult to believe in a time where sex was promoted while living in such times where is restricted.
India’s greatest contribution in the erotica field (ignoring the obvious thoughts) is the Kamasutra. It is wrongly taken as a manual of tantric sex. The Kama means pleasure. Thus, kama sutra means the links to pleasure. The book consists of 7 sub-books; speaking of ways to pleasuring your partner. kissing, arousing touches etc. or foreplay is mentioned in those books. One book out of the seven is about various sex positions. It purely talks about pleasure as lovemaking also one.
Another thing about which most people are unaware is the Linga. The representation of Lord Shiva has a deeper and another meaning to it. People may find it inappropriate
A tantric prayer mentions “Without the Yoni, even the Lord cannot create“.
The linga is the representation of the male genital and the shakti surrounding is female genital or yoni. Without the fusion of male and female, harmony can’t be restored. There is a mention of this in the Shiva Purana.
Man or god, pleasure is desired and also portrayed to make people rethink about their judgments. Yet they criticize. Is it justified?