10 Best Fighter Planes in the world
Fighter Planes play a very important role in a country’s military might. The importance of fighter planes can be known from the fact that countries like the United States have more than 2200 fighter planes in their armed forces. The development of fighter planes has gone a paradigm shift in last 25 years. And few countries like USA, Russia and China have already developed 5th generation fighters. The change in generation of the fighters is propelled by rapid advances in avionics, better aerodynamic design, advanced radar and weapon systems fit on it. The fighter Planes of United States has better avionics than its Russian and European counterparts. In terms of airframe design, Russian Planes are best in the world. These are the 10 best fighter planes in the world.
10 Best Fighter Planes in the world
This is a fifth generation fighter plane developed by Lockheed Martin. This fighter plane is used by US air force since 2005. The F-22 Raptors’ combination of stealth, aerodynamic performance, and situational awareness makes it world’s best fighter jet.
This aircraft was designed primarily as an air superiority fighter, but has additional capabilities including ground attack, electronic warfare, and signals intelligence roles
For the introduction of stealth feature in the plane the material used & design has been done in such a way that it minimizes its radar signature. The plane is equipped with AESA radars and medium range air-to-air missiles which can be replaced by air-to-surface missiles. Its high production and operational costs are huge drawbacks in its sustainability.
Sukhoi PAK FA (T-50)
PAK-FA stands on the second rank in the list of the best fighter plane. This is a fifth generation fighter plane developed by Sukhoi for Russian Air force. Its induction in Russian airforce will start from 2016.
The aircraft will have features of stealth, super-maneuverable, have a super-cruise capability, incorporates a substantial amount of composite materials, and possess advanced avionics such as active phased array radar and sensor fusion. It is to be outfitted with the next generation of air-to-air, air-to-surface, and anti-ship missiles. With some modifications, Indian Air force will also procure 144 PAK FA. The Indian version of PAK FA will be named as Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA). Induction of FGFA is expected to start in Indian air force from 2020.
F-35 Lightning II
It is also a fifth generation fighter plane being designed and built by Lockheed Martin. It is a Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) and funded by many NATO countries. The United States alone plans to buy some 2450 F-35. The F-35 has been designed to have a low radar cross-section primarily due to the shape of the aircraft and the use of stealthy radar-absorbent materials in its construction.
This plane has acquired technology from the F-22 but is designed to be cheaper, more flexible, and available for export. The aircraft have several improvements such as durable, low-maintenance stealth technology, using structural fiber material instead of the high-maintenance coatings of legacy stealth platforms which makes its production and operational costs much lesser than F-22 Raptor.
Chengdu J 20
The J-20 is a twin-engine multi-role heavy fighter with stealth capability being developed by Chengdu Aerospace Corporation of China. Officially not much has revealed about this plane so basically it is assumed that it is a fifth generation jet fighter with stealth technology, super maneuverability, high-speed aerodynamics and sophisticated avionics.
J-20 also incorporates an advanced FBW system fully integrated with the fire-control and the engine systems. Its fire-control radar is expected to be AESA. It is equipped with medium and long-range air-to-air missiles.
There are some speculations that the compromise of the Lockheed Martin F-35 program may have helped in the development of the J-20.
The J-31, which is alternatively referred to as the Falcon Hawk, Falcon Eagle, Shenyang FC-31, and F-60/J-21, is a twin-engine fifth-generation plane that conducted its first flight sometime in 2012. It is widely believed that the J-31 is modeled in part off of stolen F-35 technology. J-31 would compete with the F-35 in the global market as a low-cost alternative to the US made a fifth-generation jet.
Countries like Pakistan are very hopeful about this plane. To counter India’s FGFA Pakistan, my procure this plane.
Sukhoi Su-35 is a single-seat, twin-engine, supermaneuverable, multirole fighter, designed by Sukhoi and built by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association(KnAAPO). It is modified version of Su-27. The Su-35 is a 4++ generation aircraft with technologies of the fifth generation. The modifications are so huge that it is better than any fourth generation fighters like Eurofighter and Rafael.
While the aircraft maintains a strong superficial resemblance to the Su-27, the airframe, avionics, propulsion and weapons systems of the Su-35 have been thoroughly overhauled.
The Sukhoi Su-30MKI is a super-manoeuvrable air superiority fighter developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for the Indian Air Force.It is a 4+ generation fighter plane. Su-30 MKI has superior manoeuvrability then Eurofighter and Rafale.
The aircraft is tailor-made for Indian specifications and integrates Indian systems and avionics as well as French and Israeli sub-systems. It has abilities similar to the Sukhoi Su-35 with which it shares many features and components.
Due to its superior aerodynamic design and equipping with supersonic cruise missile Brahmos, It is considered better than Eurofighter and Rafael.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole 4+ generation fighter. The Typhoon was introduced into operational service in 2003. Currently, the type has entered service with the Austrian, Italian, German, the Royal Air Force, and the Royal Saudi Air Force.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a highly agile aircraft, designed to be an effective dogfighter when in combat with other aircraft; later production aircraft have been increasingly better equipped to undertake air-to-surface strike missions and to be compatible with a likewise increasing number of different armaments and equipment.
Although not designated a stealth fighter, there are certain features that reduce the Typhoon’s radar cross-section such as mounting of weapons is done in such a way that the radar cross-section is minimized. In addition radar-absorbent materials coat many of the most significant reflectors, such as the wing leading edges, the intake edges and interior, the rudder surrounds, and strakes. It is claimed that its radar signature is almost one-fourth of Rafael fighter.
The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engine, canard delta-wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, reconnaissance, and nuclear strike missions. To enable the Rafale to perform in the air supremacy role, it includes several passive sensor systems.
The aircraft is available in three variants: Rafale C single-seat land-based version, Rafale C twin-seat land-based version, and Rafale M single-seat carrier-based version.
Although not a full-aspect stealth aircraft, the Rafale was designed for a reduced radar cross-section (RCS) and infrared signature.
Rafales are capable of undertaking many different mission roles with a range of equipment, namely, air defence/superiority missions with Mica IR and EM air-to-air missiles, and precision ground attacks typically using SCALP EG cruise missiles and AASM Hammer air-to-surface armaments.
F-18 Super Hornet
The Boeing F-18E Super Hornet and related twin-seat F-18F are twin-engine carrier-capable multirole fighter aircraft variants based on the McDonnell Douglas F -18 Hornet. The F-18E single-seat and F/A-18F tandem-seat variants are larger and more advanced derivatives of the F-18C and D Hornet. The Super Hornet has an internal 20 mm M61 rotary cannon and can carry air-to-air missiles and air-to-surface weapons.
Super Hornet incorporates an improved active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, larger displays, the joint helmet mounted cueing system, and several other avionics replacements
Due to changes in design and material used the radar signature of the fighter has been reduced significantly. It is claimed that the Super Hornet employs the most extensive radar cross-section reduction measures of any contemporary fighter.