10 Majestic Forts of India you must see
Forts are the symbol of India’s historical development from feudal political system to the world’s largest democracy. At the same time, these forts have been the symbol of the Indian art, culture & heritage, traditions and social order from the Mauryan period to the independence of the country. These forts were built to house the royal places, temples, mosques and to protect the royal families from external attacks. Sorting 10 Majestic Forts of India is a difficult task as there is so much competition for that.
Many forts such as Red fort, Chittorgarh fort, Gwalior fort and Agra fort has been the center of the revolt against the British rule in the country.
In the present time, most of these forts are preserved and maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. Thousands of visitors come to see these historical monuments from around the word.
I am trying to list the 10 Majestic Forts of India, based on their grandeur, historical significance, architectural style and perception given by the tourists.
10 Majestic Forts of India !!
1. Red Ford, Delhi
The Red Fort was constructed by Mughal Ruler Shah Jahan.It is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone. The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperor of India for nearly 200 years, until 1857.
It is located in the centre of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political center of Mughal government.
The Red Fort is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan. Although the palace was planned according to Islamic styles, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings, reflecting a fusion of Timurid, Persian and Hindu traditions.
The Red Fort’s innovative architectural style, including its garden design, is credited to architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, the same architect who constructed the Taj Mahal.
2. Chittorgarh Fort
Chittorgarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India and probably the grandest in the state of Rajasthan. It is a World Heritage Site. The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar. The Fort represents the quintessence of tribute to the nationalism, courage, valour, medieval chivalry and sacrifice exhibited by the Mewar rulers.
Chittorgarh is the epitome of Rajput pride, romance and spirit. It reverberates with history of heroism and sacrifice, which is a depiction of Rajput culture and values.
The fort is house to many places, temples, towers and water bodies. The towers and places are typical examples of Rajput style of architecture and stone carvings.
The Vijay Stambha called the symbol of Chittor and a particularly bold expression of triumph, was erected by Rana Kumbha between 1458 and 1468 to commemorate his victory over Mahmud Shah I Khalji.
3. Jaisalmer Fort (Sonar Fort)
Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fortifications in the world. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a World Heritage Site. It was built in 1156 AD by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal, from whom it derives its name.
The fort stands in the middle of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill. Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion colour during the day, fading to honey-gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason, it is also known as the Sonar Quila or Golden Fort.
The major attraction inside the fort is Raj Mahal, Laxminath temple, 4 massive gateways and Merchant Havelis. All these are built in Rajput style of architecture, with ornate sandstone carvings, decorated windows, archways, doors and balconies.
4. Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
It is one of the largest forts in India. The fort is located at the centre of the city spreading over 5 km atop a high hill by imposing thick walls. It was built by Rao Jodha in 1459. It was one of the filming locations for the movie The Dark Knight Rises which was released in June 2012.
Inside the fort, several brilliantly crafted and decorated palaces are found. Of these, Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesha Mahal, Sileh Khana, and Daulat Khana are notable. These palaces are known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards.
One also finds the fort museum comprising a collection of palanquins, howdahs, royal cradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes and furniture. The museum exhibits the heritage of the Rathores in arms, costumes, paintings and decorated period rooms.
5. Amer Fort, Jaipur
The Amer fort is located in Jaipur. It is the principal tourist attractions in the Pink City. It is located on a high hill of Aravali ranges. It was built by Rajput king Raja Man Singh-I in 1592 AD.
The Palace is divided into four main sections each with its own entry gate and courtyard. The aesthetic ambiance of the palace is seen within its walls on a four level layout plan in a well turned out opulent palace complex built with red sandstone and marble.
The architecture of the fort is a fusion of Mughal and Rajput styles. The places of the fort have colorful artworks inscribed on its inner and outer walls and pillars. The intricate marble, glass, metal and wood carvings can be well witnessed in this beautiful fort built by.
6. Gwalior Fort
Gwalior Fort is an 8th-century hill fort near Gwalior. The fort consists of a defensive structure and two main palaces, Gurjari Mahal and Man Mandir, built by Man Singh Tomar. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers over time. The Gurjari Mahal palace was built for Queen Mrignayani. It is now an archaeological museum.
The Man mandir palace was built by the King of Tomar Dynasty – Maharaja Man Singh. It is a big palace with wonderful architecture and beautiful artwork done on its front as well as some interior walls. This place is a treat to watch.
The boundary of the fort is home to many places, temples and monuments. The prominent places are Gujari Mahal, Teli ka Mandir, Sas Bahu Mandir, Karn mahal and Vikram Mahal.
7. Red Fort, Agra
Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is about 2.5 km northwest the famous Taj Mahal and located on the banks of river Yamuna. It was constructed by the third Mughal emperor Akbar on the remains of an ancient site known as Badalgarh. It was only during the reign of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site took on its current state.
It is one of the most important and robustly built strongholds of the Mughals, embellished with a number of richly decorated buildings encompassing the imposing Mughal style of art and architecture.
The fort contains splendid palaces both in red sandstone and white marble built by two generations of prolific builders Akbar and later Jehangir and Shahjahan. Of the nearly 500 Akbari buildings built in the Bengal and Gujarati traditions, only a few have survived.
8. Daulatabad Fort, Aurangabad
This fort is located near to Aurangabad. Built on a 200-meter high conical hill, Daulatabad was one of the most powerful forts in the medieval Deccan. The defense system consists of moats and three encircling fortification walls with loft gates and bastions at regular intervals.
The entire fort complex consists of an area measuring approximately 94.83 hectares and represents a unique combination of Military Engineering, amazing town planning with unique water management system and architectural marvels with strong political and religious hold.
9. Ranthambore Fort
It is situated near the town of Sawai Madhopur and is a formidable fort having been a focal point of the historical developments of Rajasthan. The fort is known for the glory and valor of Hammir dev of the Chauhan dynasty. The fort lies in the middle of Ranthambore National Park, the former hunting grounds of the Maharajahs of Jaipur.
The walls of the fort are about 7 kilometers in length and include an area of nearly 4 square kilometers. All around the fort, one can see many old ruins, including palaces, temples, cenotaphs, step-wells and houses. The Ranthambore fort is surrounded by massive stone walls which are strengthened by towers and bastions.
The Ganesh Temple, which lies very close to the main entry gate to the Fort, attracts a steady flow of pilgrims, mainly from the rural parts of the Rajasthan. During the annual Ganesh festival, tens of thousands of pilgrims visit the temple, from all over the country.
10. Jhansi Fort
Built by Raja Bir Singh Judao in the year 1613. The majestic fort stands splendidly on the rocky hill at the centre of the city. The fort is one of the major Jhansi attractions and was built as an army stronghold by the king. The fort has a huge museum which has a rich collection of sculptures and art forms which give an insight into the rich history of Bundelkhand.
The fort can be divided into three parts keeping in view the different stages of its constructions: – Baradari, Shankergarh and Panch Mahal. Besides, the fort contains many ancient structures of great importance.
The granite walls of the fort are between 16 and 20 feet thick and the fort extends to a sprawling 15 acres. This colossal structure measures about 312m in length and 225m in width.